Revitalised Agreement On The Resolution Of The Conflict In The Republic Of South Sudan (R-Arcss)

even at the next Addis Ababa summit. We invite IGAD to appoint a permanent chair of the Joint Monitoring and Assessment Committee to oversee the implementation of the agreement. Despite potential obstacles to the implementation of the R-ARCSS, there are many factors that will ensure that the agreement meets its overall goal of laying the foundation for a unified, peaceful and prosperous South Sudan. The R-ARCSS has the potential to facilitate the return to peace, stability, reconciliation, unity and prosperity in South Sudan. The potential obstacles lie before us in the form of a lack of political will and determination, mistrust and mistrust between parties, the inability to address some of the root causes of the conflict, resource-efficient means and the inevitable opposition of some parties to implement politically sensitive provisions of the R-ARCSS. There are facilitators who facilitate the successful implementation of the Peace Pact: a strong agreement on substance and content, inclusiveness and representativeness of the agreement, legitimacy, the role of IGAD, the ability to maintain and maintain trust and cooperation between the parties, and the effective implementation of justice provisions national healing and reconciliation. Faced with this reality, the R-ARCSS should provide a new opportunity for all parties to renew constructive working relationships and unite their constituents at a time when the country is marked by deep-seated social divisions. This would require significant, long-term efforts to promote progressive confidence and confidence-building measures as the basis for their engagement. To achieve this, all citizens and interest groups must contribute to this. With regard to the previous challenge, the lack of agreement to address some of the main causes of the conflict in South Sudan. Among the most serious causes of the conflict, as also noted in the final report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan in 2014, are the lack of strong democratic institutions and the continued mix of personal, ethnic and national interests, as well as the unequal distribution of resources in South Sudan10.

address some of the root causes of the conflict – have long been entrenched in previous peace agreements, but have made no changes. R-ARCSS mediators needed to understand why this was the case and develop more innovative and creative interventions. The R-ARCSS is at a critical juncture as the date for the formation of the transitional government is cancelled for several days. The parties to the conflict and the region must redouble their efforts to advance the peace process. To demonstrate their political will, we call on the parties to cooperate in a spirit of compromise in order to build trust between the leaders of South Sudan and the people of South Sudan. The delay in resolving the allocation of powers at the government and local level has severely limited the training of NLTs and threatens to halt the pace of progress in the implementation of the R-ARCSS. The parties should therefore act quickly to make the necessary concessions, address the obstacle and accelerate the recovery of the remaining UNTTGG structures. The legitimacy of the R-ARCSS is another facilitator.

In general, the agreement is strongly locally responsible and it appears that there is a regional and international consensus that the peace pact is acceptable. While the international community seems skeptical of the historic trend of violations of the peace agreement in South Sudan – understandably – it has pledged to support the peace process. The troika of the United Kingdom, the United States of America and Norway expressed “concern about the commitment of the parties to the agreement”17, but acknowledged that the agreement was essential to combating peace and security in South Sudan, while the UN spokesman for the Secretary-General of South Sudan called the peace pact “a positive and important pact”.

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